GOLDENBERG, Mr Samuel L. — 8th September 1864
OLSSON, Mr Oscar Wilhelm — 8th September 1879
BRACKEN, Mr James H. — 8th September 1881
CALDWELL, Mr Albert Francis — 8th September 1885
SACCAGGI, Sig. Giovanni Giuseppe Emilio — 8th September 1887
PEACOCK, Master Alfred Edward — 8th September 1911
GOLDENBERG, Mr Samuel L. — 8th September 1864
"… his [Ken Marschall’s] paintings almost seemed to be stills from a movie that hadn’t yet been made. And I thought to myself… I can make these paintings live. It became my goal to accomplish on film what Ken had done on canvas, to will the Titanic back to life." —James Cameron.
There’s a common perception that Titanic had some sort of fatal flaw or poor design. How else could a ship marketed as the peak of shipbuilding technology sink on her maiden voyage? For whatever reason, I feel a need to defend the ship I love so much and clarify for non-Titanic obsessives that she was, indeed, incredibly well-made and a remarkable feat of human ingenuity.
1) Contrary to popular misperception, Titanic did not have sub-par rivets. Her rivets were standard and were the same ones used on Olympic, which had a long and illustrious career for over two decades in which her nickname became “Old Reliable.” Olympic did undergo a few tweaks after the Titanic disaster but by and large they were near-identical ships. The biggest difference between Titanic and Olympic is that Titanic hit an iceberg and Olympic didn’t.
2) “Why did it sink so fast?” I’ve heard this question a million times but the thing is - Titanic DIDN’T sink quickly. Her own builder, Thomas Andrews, estimated she had an hour to live, two at most. She survived for two hours and forty minutes, allowing time for all of her lifeboats to be deployed. Considering the extensive damage the iceberg caused, she stayed afloat a surprisingly long time.
3) Titanic went down by the head and never rolled over. Look at most shipwrecks - again and again you’ll see that the ship rolled over on her side, causing lifeboats on one or both sides to become impossible to launch. Titanic had only a slight (6-8 degree) list to port, due to her construction and/or the ongoing efforts of her engineers, none of whom survived the sinking because they stayed at their posts until the very end.
Why did Titanic sink? Because she hit an iceberg. We can talk about what could have been done to avoid the accident in the first place, but once she hit, any ship would have gone down. Most probably would have gone down more quickly and with less opportunity to launch their lifeboats. Yes, certain measures could have been taken (that were later added to Olympic). Watertight bulkheads could have extended to the upper decks. There should have been enough lifeboats for everyone aboard. But as of April 14, 1912, no ship in the world was as well-constructed or magnificent as Titanic.
Titanic suffered a fatal blow from an iceberg. She managed to stay evenly afloat for hours as all of her lifeboats were launched. The iceberg caused the deaths of 1,503 people that night. Titanic saved the other 705.
Historical characters in Titanic
Those who follow me might know that sometimes I get very easily and very much annoyed by some things in the Titanic world. One of the things that makes me most angry is when people push the Titanic/Olympic switch conspiracy “theory”.
The switch conspiracy, largely formulated and/or popularized by Robin Gardiner, posits that the Titanic and her identical sister ship Olympic were switched with each other while Titanic was under construction, and that it was Olympic that was supposed to be intentionally sunk as part of an insurance scam. According to this idea, things didn’t quite go right, and so people died, but it’s supposed to be Olympic down there on the ocean floor.
There are many ways to go about debunking this ridiculous conspiracy. One can look at archival evidence, you could just go down to the wreck, or you can just use common sense. For the ships to be switched, which is supposed to have happened in an extremely short time, thousands of workers would have had to switch thousands of fittings between the two ships, not to mention make many major and minor changes to both ships to make them resemble the other in their details. No evidence of this has ever been found in the wreck or elsewhere, and if it were true, those thousands of shipyard workers must have been awfully good at staying quiet about it.
Much of the supposed evidence some people present is merely a matter of ignorance, such as those pointing out a couple extra portholes under the forecastle while Titanic was in Southampton were not there in post-launch photos, or that the positions of the lettering of the ship’s name on the bow suspiciously change, not realizing that the portholes were a known addition made during fitting-out, and that photographers of the time often touched up photographic negatives by erasing, adding, or enhancing details, such as imperfectly scratching out the ship’s name in the photo when it was not easily visible in the untouched photo. Other “evidence” is entirely fabricated, often due to astounding levels of ignorance. Many of Gardiner’s claims are just that: Fabricated. (Of course, all “good” conspiracy theorists will just tell me I’m wrong and that I’m only buying the “official” story, and that I’m probably just a government shill and that I need to “wake up”.)
Perhaps one of the most blatantly fabricated claims from this conspiracy hypothesis is that of the names on the ship’s bow being switched. A popular “documentary” making the rounds on Youtube, largely based on Gardiner’s claims and hosted by a man whose jaw very well could have sunk the Titanic (oh I’m sorry, I mean Olympic), makes the claim that Robert Ballard and his team once looked at the ship’s name on the wreck, and ended up seeing an “M P”, part of “O L Y M P I C”. The documentary also claims that while the White Star Line engraved the lettering into the hulls of their ships, Titanic’s letters were steel letters that were riveted onto the hull, and that the M and P were visible after two of the letters supposedly fell off the wreck, implying that T I T A N I C was simply riveted over the engraved letters of O L Y M P I C.
That claim, above all else, is as fabricated as Jack and Rose. A screenshot from that “documentary” has been spread around by conspiracy believers which shows an M and P on the wreck, shown above, but it;’s not what it seems. If you watch that part (starting at 9:30) of the actual “documentary”, you’ll find that it’s nothing more than a fake CGI job, and poorly-done at that. That computer-generated image is the only such supposed image showing an M and P, and has often been passed around as being real, helping to further illustrate the pure ignorance of conspiracy believes.
If you look at actual wreck footage showing Titanic’s name on the bow section, you’ll see that not only is there not an M or P, or any sign of any other letters, but that the letters are not riveted onto the hull, but cut into the plating. At no point in that footage, or any other imagery, have I ever seen any sign of an M P or any sort of foul play. As for Ballard seeing an M and P, that’s a claim I’ve only ever heard from that debacle of a “documentary” and anybody who watched it. Many dives have been made to the wreck, and if there genuinely was an M P, or that the letters were riveted on, it wouldn’t be something you’d only hear on websites whose articles all include the term “SHOCKING TRUTH”. (Oh, yes, I forgot, they all must have been paid off by the government and banks and any footage edited by the CIA and NWO). Of course there are some who claim to see an M or P in the actual Titanic wreck footage, but it’s always merely a trick of the eye caused by them either seeing patterns made by rot on the wreck, or not knowing what they’re looking at in the first place. Like when Jesus or Mary are seen on toasted cheese sandwiches only by those who believe in those things, an M or P have only been seen by conspiracy believers who only see what they want to see.
And if you only see what you want to see, like most conspiracy believers on the internet, then there’s nothing I can say that will convince you otherwise. But please, for the love of Sagan, stop shoving this shite “documentary” into people’s faces, and stop using that M P image as proof.
A recovered fixture from the Titanic’s Grand Staircase.